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Ny studie målar psykologiskt porträtt av metalfans

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En nyligen publicerad studie har funnit att fans av heavy metal-musik tenderar att vara mer öppna för upplevelser, har en mer negativ attityd gentemot auktoriteter, har lägre självkänsla, större behov av att vara unik samt har lägre religiositet än de individer med en förkärlek för andra musikaliska genrer.

219 kvinnor och 195 män i åldrarna 18-57 år deltog i studien som undersökte sambanden mellan individuella skillnader och personers tycke för modern heavy metal.


En forskargrupp ledd av psykologen Viren Swami vid University Of Westminister in London, England, presenterade de 414 brittiska individerna för 10 heavy metal-låtar och bad personerna betygsätta dessa efter smak (från “extreme dislike” till “extreme like”). Beträffande deltagarna undersöktes även deras personlighetsdrag, attityd till myndigheter, självkänsla, behov av att vara unik och religiositet. 

Forskarna skriver: “Our results confirm previous reports that openness is associated with a preference for rock and heavy metal, including nonmainstream subgenres. In explanation, it has been suggested that individuals who score highly on openness show a preference for the intensity, variety, complexity, and unconventionality of heavy metal. [It has also been suggested] that individuals who are open-minded and who seek novel experiences may become disinterested in mainstream or conventional musical forms as they grow older. This, in turn, may lead them to seek out musical genres that are unconventional by the standards of mainstream cultures, such as contemporary heavy metal.”

De tillägger: “Our results also showed that individuals with more negative attitudes toward institutional authority were more likely to show a preference for the heavy metal tracks. In general, this is consistent with [the] description of heavy metal fans as inhabiting a subculture of alienation, which translates into an opposition to authority and mainstream society… It is possible, for example, that heavy metal may conjure referent images that are inherently antiauthority or that signal a revolt against mainstream culture. In this sense, individuals who hold more negative attitudes toward authority may show a preference for heavy metal precisely because it expresses their dissatisfaction with authority.

Respondents who showed a stronger preference for the metal tracks in the present study were also more likely to have lower self-esteem and higher need for uniqueness. In the first instance, it is possible that individuals with relatively low self-esteem are drawn to heavy metal because the style of music allows for a purge of negative feelings. The catharsis afforded by heavy metal may, in turn, help boost self-worth and promote positive self-evaluations among those with otherwise low self-esteem.”

Hela studien kan du ta del av på webbsidan för American Psychological Association.

Foto: Effie Trikili, Rocknytt 

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